Articles, Essays, Papers, Publications

A chronological and categorised archive from 2000 to present of publications, essays, articles and papers about Tikanga Māori, Digital Colonialism and Data Sovereignty, Te Reo Māori online, politics, digital Māori, self help articles and Māori leadership.


Tikanga Māori

No hea koe: A Scoping report to the creation of the Ngāi Tahu pepeha project This scoping report will identify the issues Ngāi Tahu tribal members experience when seeking accurate information that informs individuals of their pepeha and supports their ability to engage appropriately at Māori events and to self-identify themselves and their marae.  (2017) pdf

Cultural analysis of Emotiki app and why it is offensive: Emotiki contains a number of culturally unsafe issues: the satirical use of a Polynesian deity Tiki, Tame Iti and the use of his face and tā moko without permission, several other possible ethical and tikanga issues including possible Intellectual Property infringements. (2017) view – pdf

Digital whakapapa, where is it – Digital authorship and founders?: The nature of the web and digital technologies leads Māori ICT organisations, kupu hou creation, Māori related software, web sites and digital tools to by default, ignore whakapapa in the digital world. (2016) view – pdf

Māori leaders quotes and sayings: A list of famous Māori leaders quotes and sayings. As Michael King noted in his biography of Te Puea, the difficultly of writing about past and present Māori leaders is that there is very little written by them. This is a list of some of the inspirational things Māori leaders have said or are published. This is a living page. (2016) view

Cyber Tangi – A need to better utilise high speed Internet: My controversial thoughts about cyber tangi are below so as to raise debate/ideas and to make people think about cyber tangi, or to at least respect the rights of any whanau who want a cyber tangi. (2013) view – pdf

Māori Leadership

Biggest risk of Māori leadership in 2017: Below is a transcript of a 3 minute introductory speech I recently did at Onuku Marae for Canterbury University Master of Māori and Indigenous Leadership wānanga. (2017) view

Māori Leaders quotes and sayings: Michael King stated in his biography of Te Puea “the difficultly of writing about past and present Māori leaders is that there is very little written by them.” Transcribing radio and television interviews is also an issue. As broadcaster and author Alwyn Owen noted “Inevitably, oral accounts suffer in transcription. (2017) view

Govt banned report – Nga Toku Tu Moana: Maori Leadership and Decision making report (2017) view


Digital Colonialism and Data Sovereignty

Māori activism and achievements in New Zealand’s Internet Domain Name System. Hidden and forgotten truths and miss truths revealed. ISBN: 978-0-9582597-9-8-1 For over 20 years up till 2017,  Māori fought for the right to be to be fairly represented in the New Zealand Internet Domain Name System and to a lesser extent for recognition within the New Zealand Internet governing body InternetNZ, in an act of Māori Internet activism. A simple right that most people take for granted. (2017) view – pdf

Ethnographers for digital Maori world? (2017) view

Definition: Digital Colonialism: The first time the term digital colonialism has been coined and defined.  (2015) view – pdf

Colonisation of the Internet: Māori Comparative Literature Review: A review and comparison of Māori with Native American Indian rights, based on the award winning research “Uncharted Domains and the New Land Rush: Indigenous Rights to Top-Level Domain”. (2013) view – pdf

Radio Spectrum – Digital Land in a new era of confiscation: An introduction to 4G Spectrum and why it is a Taonga. Includes history of the original and successful claims to spectrum and an overview of the various Maori organisations who are involved with the Maori claim to spectrum. (2013) viewpdf

Māori online content to be archived without permission or consultation : A discussion about the National Library national digital archiving of all New Zealand web sites.  (2010) view 

Protect your Iwi and Hapu names on the Internet: An overview of protection mechanisms for Iwi and hapu.  (2004) view – pdf


Ikaroa Rāwhiti Candidate Social Media effectiveness: Part 2: A summary and overview of the usage and popularity of the Ikaroa Rāwhiti candidates social media and online presence. (2013) view – pdf

Social media and web usage for the Ikaroa Rāwhiti campaign: Part I : Only this year have I seen an increase in Māori politicians joining and using Social Media and the web. Recently one Māori politician told me that the web and social media were a waste of time. (2013) view – pdf


Digital Māori

Prevalence and attitudes of Māori teenagers about sexting; This report analyzes the NetSafe research data and extracts Māori related information to better understand the current risks impacting Māori youth. (2018) view

Dangerous game of DNA testing for Maori: Using scenario and future planning techniques: I will discuss how DNA testing to prove how Māori you are, to identify your ancestry via DNA testing, or the more recent issue of New Zealand school teachers being offered free DNA testing kits by National Geographic Genographic project to help pupils learn about evolution , has a number of potential problems for Māori. (2017) view

Protecting digital ancestor images: Digitising images of ancestors, taonga and places of cultural value and then sharing the image with whanau and friends on the Internet is common, as it is quick and easy to share with multiple people with just a few clicks of a button. (2017)

Keyboard warrior definition: The definition of a keyboard warrior is often used by non technically literate people as a derogatory term applied to online trolls/cyberbully and people who are online activists using technology to fight and raise concerns for a cause. Warrior is a term often reserved for elite special forces, learned people of fighting arts and experts of contact sports.  (2017) view 

Māori ICT Organisations analysis and directory: A list of all past and present Māori Internet and digital organisations with their contact details, date established and objectives. (2016)  view – pdf

Value of An overview of cyber squatters in domain names and the importance for Iwi only to use to guarantee an authentic on-line presence and to avoid phishing scams and other criminal activities.  (2013)  view – pdf

Feasibility of .maori as a new internet address: Discussion about the costs, procedures and the currently vast amount of space on the Internet for Māori that is either under utilised or not utilised at all. The issue that it will take at least two separate, but more likely three separate applications to have a safe .maori environment are explored the fact that there are alternatives to creating a new .maori domain. (2012) view – pdf

Cultural and society GTLD objections will help protect Maori on-line: The new GTLD program from ICANN which closed its first round of applications included a number of cultural identity and society names being applied for by corporations.  (2012)  view – pdf

Te Maori News : An automated electronic newspaper built on Tweets and Hashtags. (2012) ARCHIVED

Maori Culture 2.0 – The evolutionary change caused by Ultra Fast Broadband (2012) view – pdf

New web domains in NZ: Will they help or hinder Māori and Iwi? (2012) view – pdf

Past and Present Moderation Policies: A collection of the major changes in the moderation policies since the original policy was created in 1997. This edition contains no commentary. (2012) view – pdf

Getting your community and hapu on-line (Community Net Aotearoa): ‘Honoa te hapori me te hapu ki te ipurangi – Getting your community and hapu online’ is a new resource for iwi, hapu and communities wanting to connect with their people, their country … (2011)

1O Year Predictions and Vision for Maori in ICT: After almost a decade after being interviewed by Ariana Tikao on my 10 year vision of Māori and ICT, I have written a new one and welcome any feedback and critiques. (2008)  view – pdf

Dot Maori Internet suffix: .maori is a possible Internet address suffix that is being discussed by groups of Māori and non Māori. (2008) view – pdf

How to register and other domains. ISBN: 0-9582597-2-0. (2004) view – pdf

Accessing nz.soc.maori and Understanding Usenet/Newsgroups . ISBN: 0-9582597-9-8 (2003) view – pdf

Te Reo Māori

Te reo Māori alternative for Lorem Ipsum – A Māori alternative which is secular, not tapu (noa) and has been vetted to be culturally neutral version of the popular Lorem Ipsum. view (2017)

Ngāi Tahu Pepeha online resource.  and associated Scoping Report (2017)

A Dictionary of Māori and Social Media terms, English – Māori. Edition 3. ISBN: 978-0-9582597-1-2 (2016) view

Word list and analysis of te reo Moriori. ISBN: 978-0-9582597-0-5 (2016)   view

Baby names: Christian, Mormon and non religious Māori first names and their equivalent English name. ISBN:  978-0-9582597-2-9 (2016)  pdf

New Zealand Government response to Te Reo Māori email addresses. ISBN: 978-0-473-33191-7 (2015)  pdf

Te Reo Māori gate keepers for the future or for the cemetery: Gate keepers of the Māori language only hinder and halt its evolution. We live in an Information Technology driven society that needs Maori language to adapt. (2012) view

Bilingual Web for Māori view (2012)

Culturally sensitive Māori names to be excluded from public registration for the .KIWI domain name: The primary purpose of the list is to stop wide spread Intellectual Property Rights abuse as is seen when ever a new domain name is publicly offered.  Also to ensure that .kiwi can be offered as a bilingual Domain Name system for Māori. Included in the list is a list of Māori gods, Iwi and personal names. Due to the sensitivity and ability for wide spread abuse, this list remains private and is available upon request to appropriate organisations. (2012)

A recommendation for an updated New Zealand and Māori Predictive TXT database: A Māori word list recommendation based on word frequency, common Māori words and Māori words in the English Language that should form the basis of a predictive text application for mobile phones.  (2011) pdf

Google Māori  (2011) view

Registering a domain name with a macron (2011) view

Māori txtn glossary for mobile phones  (2011) view

13 Years of Māori Language integration into software and the Internet: 13 years ago when i started out in the ICT industry there were no Māori software products, writing a macron was impossible, and as hard as this is to believe now, only two Māori web sites existed. (2008) view

Māori Language Domains:  (2007) pdf

Dictionary of Māori Computer Related Terms Edition 2. ISBN: 0-9582621-1-X (2006) pdf

Te Kete Potae – Guidelines for creating an Organisation Macron Policy:  (2005) pdf

Creating macrons for Linux:  (2004)

Creating Macrons for the Internet. ISBN: 0-9582597-3-9 (2004) pdf

Creating macrons for Microsoft Windows. ISBN: 0-9582597-5-5 (2004) pdf

Macrons in Windows (2003) pdf

Dictionary of Māori Computer Related Terms Edition 1. ISBN: 0-473-09356-1. (2003) pdf

Guidelines for creating and maintaining a bi-lingual website . ISBN: 0-9582597-0-4 (2003) pdf

Creating macrons for the Macintosh . ISBN: 0-9582597-4-7 (2003) pdf

Creating Macrons for the Internet (2002) pdf

Te reo Māori in Information Technology. (Christchurch City Library).
Māori Language is being used in computers, software and the Internet more and more all the time. Many people think that te reo Māori is not used in Information technology at all or not enough to worry about. (2000)

Te Reo Tupu Maori Dictionary (on CD). ISBN: 0473051915 (1998)

Self Help articles

ICT planning and tips for a natural disaster (Community Net Aotearoa): A civil defence emergency can occur unexpectedly at any time. Having some basic communication and contingency plans in place prior to an emergency  (2011)

Email campaigns and group email (Community Net Aotearoa): Email campaigns are known by several different names including listserv, email subscription list, email list, e-newsletter and email distribution list. The important difference between an email  (2011)

Microsoft Mail Live (Community Net Aotearoa): Over the past decade many organisations will have become reliant on using Microsoft Outlook Express, the free email program that was bundled by default with Microsoft Windows  (2011)

The Internet is running out of addresses (Community Net Aotearoa): This does not mean that the Internet will end, just that it has become so popular that a new form of addresses will begin to be implemented.  (2011)

Geographically Diverse Organisations – Guidelines for an Online Strategy (Community Net Aotearoa): Creating an online national web presence can be a daunting and time-consuming task not to mention the costs that are attached to such a project. If not planned out correctly, it can do more harm than good for your organisation in terms of branding  (2010)

Getting the most from Skype (Community Net Aotearoa): Skype is a free communication tool that allows you to make discounted phone calls and SMS, talk via voice/video or text over the Internet.  (2010)

Google Apps (Community Net Aotearoa): Google Apps is a large collection of free software that you do not need to download or install onto your computer. It is available at no cost to you via a web browser  (2010)

Search Engine Optimisation – SEO (Community Net Aotearoa): Being able to create a website for your organisation or having someone build it for you is only the first step to having a presence on the web.  (2010)

FTP Google Blogs (Community Net Aotearoa): Introduction to the now closed Google FTP based Blogs.  (2010)

Domain name guide: This guide covers many of the daily aspects of domain names that your organisation may encounter including detailed discussions about online branding, domain name scams …  (2009) [view]

Online Branding in the world of Web 2.0: For many organisations creating an online brand name of their organisation is essential and often only requires the right domain name or web address from which suitable email addresses are created. …Backing up your data…(2009) [view]

Cookies – an overview (Community Net Aotearoa): Every time you access the Internet small files record various information about your surfing habits including your browser version, sites you have visited. (2009)

Professionally designed site with full statistics, web site and hosting and unlimited widgets (Community Net Aotearoa): There are many opportunities for organisations to have a professionally designed web site and hosted with little or no technical knowledge. (2009)

Web Site Ownership Considerations (Community Net Aotearoa): In today’s digital environment it is essential for any organisation to have an online presence. Normally an online presence will begin with a web site. (2009)

Introduction to Twitter (Community Net Aotearoa): A guide to suing Twitter for personal and business use. (2009)

Tips for Organisational Blogging (Community Net Aotearoa): General tips and hints to promote your organisation and your drive more traffic to your web site. (2009)

Introduction to Social Bookmarks (Community Net Aotearoa): General introduction to social bookmarks and their business value. (2009)

Tips for hiring Information Technology professionals (Community Net Aotearoa): Hiring an ICT professional can be a daunting task, full of uncertainties. (2009)

Creating secure passwords (Community Net Aotearoa): Many passwords are simple to guess and even easier for a computer to guess. (2009)

Introduction to Webinars (Community Net Aotearoa): A webinar is a web-based: seminar, conference, presentation or meeting. (2009)

RSS tutorial (Community Net Aotearoa): The Web is scattered with orange square boxes, many with the characters RSS inside them. We are constantly asked to subscribe via RSS to blogs, Podcasts and even to web sites. (2009)

Social Media Tips (Community Net Aotearoa): Tips to promote your organisation on FaceBook, MySpace, Bebo and other Web 2.0 services. (2009)

Website ownership considerations (Community Net Aotearoa): In today’s digital environment it is essential for any organisation to have an on-line presence. Normally an on-line presence will begin with a website. (2009)

Windows 7 (Community Net Aotearoa): Microsoft Windows 7 is the latest Windows operating system for the PC and is much more stable than its predecessor Windows Vista. (2009)

.tel – What you need to know (Community Net Aotearoa): .tel is a new domain name extension for your personal or organisation contact details such as telephone, mobile, fax, address etc. Your details will all be stored on a template site that requires no web development skills. (2009)

An overview of common free software licences (Community Net Aotearoa): Not-for-profit organisations often utilise free or Open Source software with out any knowledge of the many associated software licenses. (2008)

Open source software (Community Net Aotearoa): Open source software programmes can replace or supplement commercial programmes. Software is available for almost everything you want to use your computer for, including word processing, email, creating spreadsheets and databases, and graphic design. (2008)

Ten IT Cost Saving Tips for Not for Profit Organisations (Community Net Aotearoa):  (2007)

How to obtain a Web site and or Email. ISBN: 0-9582597-8-X (2004) . view

How to get connected to the Internet. ISBN: 0-9582597-7-1 (2004) view

Understanding Domain Names . ISBN: 0-9582597-1-2 (2003) view