A fantastic Twitter tool that Tweets pre-set Māori language phrases, questions and sentences is available to use. Created by Professor Kevin Scannell of Saint Louis University, the te reo Māori sentences have been added by myself, by sourcing popular phrases and high frequency lists of sentences.
It is an ideal tool for beginners of te reo Māori or non non speakers who want to Tweet a Māori phrase to a colleague or friend.
To use the tool, you log into Twitter.com and visit http://indigenoustweets.com/tweet2learn/mi/index.html , select a sentence to Tweet and send.
Use Te Reo 2 Tweet on your smart phone.
Save the above address to your home screen, then Tweet te reo Māori directly from your phone.
The tool “Tweet to Learn” with #tweet2Learn and #Māori for te reo, has been offered to other Indigenous and minority languages. More Māori phrases will be added to and suggestions and inclusions can be sent by tweet to @ktaiuru.
A recent collaboration between GodZone Internet Services a domain name company and myself as the .iwi.nz moderator will ensure that Iwi can now register their web addresses and names with macrons within the exclusive .iwi.nz address. For example ngāi-mea.iwi.nz is now a feasible web address.
Despite such technology being available for the past 3 years, this is the first time Iwi can choose to use macrons in their Iwi web addresses when registering an address. With only two New Zealand companies offering the ability to include macrons due to the commercial investment and return it has been a slow and frustrating process seeking support from commercial entities.
The collaboration for .iwi.nz to use macrons will also raise the ability that macrons can be used in any domain that ends in .nz, not just .iwi.nz or .maori.nz. It is also a little known fact that all .maori.nz web addresses are able to be used with and without a macron. Hence by default www.taiuru.maori.nz and www.taiuru.māori.nz are now the same addresses. Some web servers will need to have a slight modification added to them to make the macron work. Likewise, some email applications will not recognise the macron.
It is envisaged that more Iwi and Māori will now utilise the macron in web addresses in conjunction with a non macron web address and we will see more interest with some Iwi to get on-line, and te reo Māori being better utilised in the on-line environment.
Details and .iwi.nz moderation policy are available at http://www.register.iwi.nz .
Radio Spectrum is largely unheard of in our non-technical society and especially in Maori culture, despite radio spectrum being recognised as a Taonga by the Waitangi Tribunal which resulted in the New Zealand government giving Maori $5 million dollars to invest in Maori ICT participation. In turn this was used to form a part share in 2Degrees Mobile (which removed the duopoly in the NZ mobile market) is also almost unknown by Maori. Nor are the facts about how well that investment has been and to what extent Maori have benefited as the media offers conflicting stories and scaremongering while we await the Annual Report to be published.
It is important to note that earlier this year the government stated they do not see spectrum as a Taonga and will sell radio spectrum to the highest bidder (i.e. the three mobile carriers). But that the government “might” offer $30 million ICT fund to be administered by a Crown agency as recognition of their treaty partnership. But this is not definite and no other details have been provided to the public.
One has to question the benefits and cons of such an offer. Tariana Turia referred to the deal as a “Beads and Blankets” deal while respected te reo and spectrum stalwart Piripi Walker states ”Maori received the “rats and mice” from the post-auction FM frequency barrel, months after the auction” in regards to the 1990 Waitangi Tribunal decision.
If Maori began to think of the spectrum like they do land, then there would be wide spread Maori outrage at the fact that the government has denied Maori its Taonga. There would be another major alliance of Maori marching in force on parliament as there was with the Foreshore and Seabed issue which saw the largest Maori protests creating unity and the first time in history Ngai Tahu officially participated in a protest march.
It is likely that the Treaty Claimants Group will take the Government to court and its likely that the offer of a $30 million fund will be withdrawn. It is important to note that no details of the fund has been offered and the word “might” is used. So there is no guarantee that there is a fund and no guarantee that the money will not be sourced from other Maori initiatives. If the fund is to be created, then the main question Maori need to ask is what benefit will a $30 million fund provide for the wider Maori community.
Will this fund benefit Maori in the same manner that the Ma Te Reo fund has helped thousands of Maori language speakers. Or are we better as Maori to take the spectrum for the long term and expect that the spectrum will generate economical wealth for all Maori? Or as has been suggested, Maori would prefer $30 million of spectrum. This appears to be logical and would even up the Maori investment in 2Degrees. Without it, Maori percentage in shareholder rights is likely to dwindle .
As Maori we walk on our land and see what our ancestors saw and for some of us we contemplate the changes that occurred to our ancestral lands. Some Maori look to the stars and contemplate the traditional navigation systems our tipuna used. Some Maori think about the spirituality of our tipuna and the myriad of gods and demi gods that escalated from the highest heavens all the way to Rangi and Papa. In between all of the gods and heavens is natural phenomena now known as radio spectrum. Some Maori will say that the spectrum and other things we cannot yet logically grasp was the way our tipuna communicated to the gods and spirits.
4G Spectrum will allow our mobile device driven society to access the Internet faster and create a whole new range of social/cultural/economic possibilities that may not even be thought of yet. It is part of a global multi-billion dollar industry that has the opportunity to boost the Maori economy with investments, employment opportunities and create a whole new raft of educational and cultural opportunities.
A major advantage would be Internet access to the rural communities who have no or inadequate Internet access. Access to such technology could address the many Iwi/marae issues of people living away from the rohe and not coming back. More participation in hui and tangi via video links would likely involve more people in the marae and Iwi making for a better informed and represented Iwi.
4G spectrum in layman’s terms is an electromagnetic field in the air. Electromagnetic Fields occur both in nature and artificially. For a technical analysis Toa Greening has produced a submission.
One of the founding principles as defined by the Waitangi Tribunal is the establishment of a partnership and the duty to act reasonably and in good faith.
The Treaty established a partnership, and imposes on the partners the duty to act reasonably and in good faith. The principle that the Treaty established a partnership and imposed on the partners the duty to act reasonably and in good faith was independently agreed to by all five members of the Court of Appeal, though it was expressed differently by each.
Justice Cooke characterised this duty as ‘infinitely more than a formality’. He stated that, ‘If a breach of the duty is demonstrated at any time, the duty of the Court will be to insist that it be honoured.’
Land, waterways and forests can be territorially defined by Iwi, Hapu, right down to individuals in some cases. The Spectrum has no territorial definition for either the Crown or Maori therefore its usage must be principled based with duties to act reasonably and in good faith.
If Maori successfully argue to the Waitangi Tribunal that 4G Spectrum is a Taonga as they did with the Waitangi Tribunal for 3G and the Crown allocate Maori a percentage of spectrum or funds to invest, there will be an issue of who is to manage the spectrum. There are a number of groups who are interested in managing the spectrum and there is already a public disagreement between the parties involved.
Some would argue that Te Huarahi Tika Trust as the kaitiaki for Maori 3G spectrum would be the natural spectrum manager, but the counter argument questions how much benefit Maori have gained from Te Huarahi Tika Trust and that by using a different telco would spread Maori investment, yet this would dilute the Maori 2 Degrees investment. Perhaps it is the Maori council, but the counter argument again is how representative is the Maori Council? Maybe it is the Iwi Leaders Forum, at least those people are elected to power by their own Iwi and arguably should be representative of their people. But this does leave out Urban Maori. As Antony Royal mentioned, this is a topic which will have to be decided after 4g Spectrum has been allocated to Maori. There will obviously be discussions prior to that and already we have seen a new Maori ICT group appear like a Phoenix making claims to a part of the spectrum allocation.
There are three Maori groups involved.
Wai 2224: is the group that are taking a claim to the Waitangi Tribunal for ownership rights to Spectrum. The group consists of Graeme Everton, The New Zealand Maori Council and Nga Kaiwhakapumau I te Reo Inc.
Treaty Coalition Partners: New Zealand Māori Council, Ngā Kaiwhakapūmau, Graeme Everton, WAI776 (original claimants), Te Putahi Paoho, Te Huarahi Tika Trust.
Te Huarahi Tika Trust: were allocated $5 million dollars in 2000 as a solution to the Waitangi Tribunal decision that spectrum is a Taonga. The Trust then established a commercial arm (Te Hautaki Trust) to invest the money which eventually lead to 2Degrees Mobile entering New Zealand as the countries third Mobile operator, resulting in the duopoly being removed.
Fore more information and links, The New Zealand Maori Internet Society have a consultation for Maori and a number of resources.
The same issues corporates and businesses face in the online world in regards to branding and identity are also faced by Iwi. There is no difference between the commercial and Iwi groups and many other Indigenous Peoples of the world. The only exception is that Iwi have an authentic and protected area on the web with .iwi.nz .
.iwi.nz is a specifically Iwi/Hapu/Taurahere Ropu only web address that is moderated by a real human who checks the authenticity of Iwi names and declines names that are not being registered by the Iwi. Only one company has the authority to register .iwi.nz names “FreeParking.co.nz” which further offers authenticity and security in .iwi.nz and is a further assurance to web site visitors and whānau that the web site they are visiting is really the genuine Iwi web site.
The importance for Iwi to register only in .iwi.nz is vital to ensure that Iwi protect both their online identity and for the online safety of Iwi members and whānau.
The issues of a non .iwi.nz address.
So often we hear of a web search for a tribe that takes a user to a gambling web site, an imitation site offering fake jewellery and resources or to pornographic content.
In New Zealand the issues for Iwi have faced is people who register Iwi names out of the .iwi.nz address and then offer them for sale at sometimes hundreds of dollars the price to register the name in the first place.
Another issue that Iwi face is having thier genuine web site duplicated so as it looks the same as the genuine Iwi web site. The scammers then use the fake site to gain personal information, credit card details etc. If this occurs, you will need to make a complaint to the Domain Name Commissioner Dispute Resolution Service.
Or a site is registered with the Iwi name out side if .iwi.nz and appears first in Google searches. This issue can be combated by asking your web developer or expert to make your web site rank higher in search engine rankings by using key words etc.
Previous widespread issues.
When .maori.nz was launched in 2002, a businessman bulk registered the majority of Iwi names and then offered them for sale. Likewise in 2012 the launch of the new .kwi.nz domain name saw a handful of individuals register Iwi names. In 2013 The New Zealand Maori Internet Society began its investigation and logged formal complaints about several of the names.
Potential issues on non .iwi.nz
Imagine someone searching the Internet for an Iwi organisation and finds IWIname.maori.nz and registers their personal details in a manner one would expect to find on an authentic Iwi web site. But unbeknown to the visitor, the web site is run by criminals who now have a database of contact details of whānau and individuals. It is very simple to do and is often seen with criminals registering names similar to a bank or other business name and creating almost identical web sites. It is called a phishing attack and happens more often than most people think.
Another common trick that online scammers use is ascertaining commonly misspelt word variants and registering those as genuine web addresses. For Iwi there is the added security concern that macrons can be added into web addresses, hence ngāi or ngāti can be added to a web address. Again this is another reason to use .iwi.nz as it is almost impossible for any fraudulent names to be registered, or at least for very long without the contact details of the person being recorded and the address cancelled.
If you do find yourself the victim of cybersquatting there are options available.
It really surprises me that people are still trying to hold Iwi to ransom over hijacked names when Iwi have .iwi.nz . All the cyber squatters are doing is making .iwi.nz more authentic for the public and valuable to Iwi. In 2002 I with Ross Himona and Te Rangikaiwhiria exposed a businessman who bulk registered Iwi and Maori names at the launch of .maori.nz. After the public exposure he offered them all back at no cost.
It is disappointing to see two racist domains having been registered and Google, Microsoft and Yahoo names registered in .maori.nz . Nevertheless, I quick email to these companies who referred it on to their legal department.
The Domain Name Commissioner has a dispute resolution service which the first step is free to address the most obvious hijacked domain name issues.
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